Peter Ackroyd


Peter Ackroyd (1949?)

Novelist, biographer and poet


Photo: © Roderick Field


Primary Sources


Ouch. London: The Curiously Strong Press, 1971.

London Lickpenny. London: Ferry Press, 1973.

Country Life. London: Ferry Press, 1978.

The Diversions of Purley  and Other Poems. London: Abacus, 1987.

Three Poems by Peter Ackroyd, in John Ashbery (ed.), New English Poets, Partisan Review, vol. xliv. no. 2 (1977),  245-67.


The Great Fire of London. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1982.

The Last Testament of Oscar Wilde. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1983.

Hawksmoor. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1985.

Chatterton. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1987.

First Light. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1989.

English Music. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1992.

The House of Doctor Dee. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1993.

Dan Leno and the Limehouse Golem. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1994. Printed in the United States as The Trial of Elizabeth Cree.

Milton in America. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1996).

The Plato Papers: A Novel (London: Chatto and Windus, 1999.

The Clerkenwell Tales. London: Chatto and Windus, 2003.

The Lambs of London. London: Chatto and Windus, 2004.

The Fall of Troy. A Novel. London: Chatto and Windus, 2006.

The Casebook of Victor Frankenstein. A Novel. London: Chatto & Windus, 2008



Notes for a New Culture. 1976; repr. London: Alkin Books, 1993.

The Collection: Journalism, Reviews, Essays, Short Stories, Lectures. Edited with an Introduction by Thomas Wright. London: Chatto & Windus, 2001.


Dressing Up. Transvestism and Drag: the History of an Obsession. London: Thames & Hudson, 1979.

London: The Biography. London: Chatto & Windus, 2000.

Albion: The Origins of the English Imagination. London: Chatto & Windus, 2002.

Illustrated London. 2002
Escapes from Earth. Voyages through Time. 2003.
In the Beginning. Voyages through Time. 2003
Cities of Blood. Voyages through Time. D. K. 2004.
Voyage of the Dead. Voyages through Time. D. K. 2004

Thames: Sacred River. London: Chatto & Windus, 2007.


Ezra Pound and his World. London: Thames and Hudson, 1980. Printed in the United States as Ezra Pound.

T. S. Eliot. London: Cardinal, 1984. Printed in the United States as T. S. Eliot, A Life.

Dickens. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1990. Printed in the United States as Dickens, Life and Times.

Introduction to Dickens. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1991.

Blake. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1995.

The Life of Thomas More. London: Chato & Windus, 1998.

Chaucer. Brief Lives. London: Chatto & Windus, 2004.

Shakespeare: The Biography. London: Chatto & Windus, 2005.

Poe. A Life Cut Short. London: Chatto & Windus, 2008

Newton. Brief Lives. London: Chatto & Windus, 2008


London Luminaries and Cockney Visionaries, The L.W.T. London Lecture (Victoria and Albert Museum, 7 December 1993). Edited extract from lecture printed as Cockney Visionaries, Independent (18 December 1993): 27.
Blake and London Radicalism, The T.L.S. Talk (Royal Festival Hall (28 October 1995).

The Englishness of English Literature, XIX AEDEAN Conference (Vigo, 16 December 1995). In Proceedings of the XIXth International Conference of AEDEAN. Ed.Javier PÉrez Guerra, Departamento de Filoloxía Inglesa e Alemana, Universidade de Vigo, 1996, pp. 11-19.


Short Story

The Plantation House, New Statesman and Society Christmas Supplement 1991, pp. 26-32.



The Mystery of Charles Dickens  Playbill (Opening Night 25 April 2002) vol. 118 no.4. New York Belasco Theater.

The Mystery of Charles Dickens Audiobook. BBC Radio Collection. 2002.


Critical Editions and Introductions


P.E.N. New Fiction I, edited by Peter Ackroyd. London, Melbourne and New York: Quartet Books, 1984.

Dickens' London: An Imaginative Vision, introduced by Peter Ackroyd. Text by Piers Dudgen (1987), London: Headline, 1994, pp. 7-20.

Oscar Wilde: The Picture of Dorian Gray, edited by Peter Ackroyd. London: Penguin, 1985.

Poems of William Blake, selected and introduced by Peter Ackroyd. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1995.




Select Secondary Sources


Appleyard, Brian. 1989. Aspects of Ackroyd, Sunday Times Magazine (9 April): 50?54.

Bernard, Catherine and Marc Amfreville. 1996. Charles Dickens: An Interview with Peter Ackroyd, Sources 1 (Autumn): 57?79.

Billen, Andrew. 1992. Printed Melancholy Unpublished Giggles, Observer (15 May): 60.

Mackenzie, Suzie, 1994. Portrait of an Artist Behaving Badly. .., Arena (7 September): 12.

McGrath, Patrick. 1988-89. Peter Ackroyd, Bomb, XXVI (Winter): 44-7.

Onega, Susana 1996. An Interview with Peter Ackroyd, Twentieth Century Literature,vol. 42, no. 2 (Summer), 208-20.

Schütze, Anke. 1995. I think after More I will do Turner and then I will probably do Shakespeare. An Interview with Peter Ackroyd. ESSE 8: 1968-79. Accessed on 8/11/2008 at:

  1999. Interview with Peter Ackroyd. Do you consider yourself a postmodern author?, in Rudolph Freiburg and Jan Schnitker (eds)., Interviews with Contemporary English Writers. Studien zur Anglistik und Amerikanistik. Münster, Germany: LIT, pp. 7-19.

Vianu, Lidia. 2001. The Mind is the Soul. An Interview with Peter Ackroyd. Novelists  (5 October). Accessed on 08/11/2008 at:



Appleyard, Brian. 1989. Aspects of Ackroyd, Sunday Times Magazine (9 April): 50-54.

Audigier, Jean-Pierre. 1994. L'Apocryphe selon Ackroyd, in Max Dupperray (ed.), HistoricitÉ et mÉtafiction dans le roman contemporain des îles britanniques. Aix-en-Provence: Publications de l'UniversitÉ de Provence, pp. 139?150.

Auría Labayen, María JosÉ.  1995. La estructura simbólica en  Hawksmoor y First Light, Ph.D. Dissertation. Microfilm series. University of Zaragoza.

Bal, Mieke., 1977. Narratologie: Essais sur la signification narrative dans quatre romans modernes. Paris: Klinsieck.

Barnacle, Hugo. 1996. Let's not be puritanical, Sunday Times (25 August): 8.

Bayley, John, Even old Ocean smiled upon him, The Times, 29 August 1996, p. 37.

Barrell, John. 1992. Make the Music Mute, London Review of Books (9 July): 7-8.

Barth, John. 1980. The Literature of Replenishment: Postmodernist Fiction, The Atlantic Monthly: 65-71.

Battersby, Eileen. 1994. Maybe It's Because He's a Londoner, Irish Times (20 August): 9.

Bayley, John. 1996. Even old Ocean smiled upon him, The Times (29 August): 37.

Bernard, Catherine. 1994. Peter Ackroyd entre plagiat et ÉlÉgie, Études britanniques contemporaines 5: 13-22.

1999. Peter Ackroyd et Dickens (1991) : les vestiges de la spÉcularitÉ, in FrÉdÉric Regard (ed.), La biographie littÉraire en Angleterre (XVe-XXe siècle) : configurations, reconfigurations du soi artistique. Saint-Etienne_ Publications de l'UniversitÉ de Saint Etienne, pp. 223-39.

Buchan, James. 1992. The Relics of Learning, Spectator (30 May): 24-5.

Budick, Emily Miller. 1989. Fiction and Historical Consciousness. The American Romance Tradition. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Bull, Malcolm. 1995. Liberty Boy  Genius, Times Literary Supplement  (20 October): 3-4.

Burgess, Anthony. 1990. The Master of All Hearts in a Dissolute Age, Independent  (9 September), 19.

Byatt, A. S., 1991. Dynamism of Age Fuelled Dickens Work: Dickens by Peter Ackroyd, Rocky Mountain News (3 March): 20M.

Bloom, Harold. 1975. The Anxiety of Influence. A Theory of Poetry. London, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, Joseph. 1978 (1948). The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton N. J.: Princeton University Press.

Carey, John. 1998. Sacred Monster. The Life of Thomas More by Peter Ackroyd, Sunday Times (22 February): 1-2.

Carr, Jonathan. 2006. Schliemann's Search for the First City. A Book Review of Peter Ackroyd's The Fall of Troy, Athens News (8 November). Accessed on 22/12/06 at <>

Cavaliero, Glen. 1995. The Supernatural and English Fiction: From The Castle of Otranto to  Hawksmoor. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cavendish, Richard. 1984 (1967). The Magical Arts. Western Occultism and Occultists. London: Arkana.

Charles, Ron. 2004. A medieval friar wields unholy fire, The Christian Science Monitor (21 September). Accessed on 21/12/06 at < 0921/p15s01-bogn.html>

Colinson, Patrick. 1998. Defined by his death, Times Literary Supplement (13 March): 3-4.

Conrad, Peter. 1976. Notes for a New Culture. An Essay on Modernism, Times Literary Supplement  (3 December): 1524.

Copenhaver, Brian P. 1992. Hermetica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Costa, Dominique. 1995. Chatterton: An Analysis of Peter Ackroyd's Fictional World, Actas do XVI Encontro da A.P.E.A.A (Vila Real: Universidade de Trás-os Montes e Alto Douro (March): 317-26.

Couliano, Ioan. 1990. El origen de la vida como palabra, El País. Liber (15 December): 4.

Cowley, John. 1989. Something Vengeful and Ancient, New York Times Book Review, 94: 15-16.

Crumey, Andrew. 2004. Mr London's Silence of the Lambs, Scotland on Sunday. ( 2 August). Accessed on 22/12/06 at < /review.cfm?id=879152004>

Daiches, David, Malcolm Bradbury, and Eric Mottram (eds). 1981. The Avenel Companion to English and American Literature. New York: Avenel Books.

Davies, Walford (ed.). 1975. William Wordsworth: Selected Poems. Everyman's University Library: London.

de Lange, Adrian M. 1993. The Complex Architectonics of Postmodernist Fiction: Hawksmoor A Case Study, in Theo D'haen and Hans Bertens (eds.), British Postmodern Fiction, Postmodern Studies 7. Amsterdam and Atlanta:  Rodopi, 145-65.

Dee, Ioannis. 1564. Monas Hieroglyphica. Antuerpiae: Guliel. Silvius Typog. Regius, Excud.

Delgado, Violeta. 1997. The Death of the Author: A Reading of Peter Ackroyd's Chatterton, EPOS XIII: 347-60.

Dodsworth, Martin. 1987. Peter Ackroyd. Chatterton, Times Literary Supplement (11-17 September): 976.

Donoghue, Denis. 1988. One Life Was Not Enough, The New York Times Book Review (17 January): 1, 40.

Douglas, Alfred. 1972. The Tarot. The Origins, Meaning and Uses of the Cards. Penguin: Harmondsworth.

Douglass, Paul. 1997. Reading the Wreckage: De-Encrypting Eliot's Aesthetics of Empire, Twentieth Century Literature, 43.1 (Spring): 1-26

Eliade, Mircea. 1989 (1954). The Myth of the Eternal Return. Cosmos and History.  William R. Trask, trans. London: Arkana.

Ellis, Steve. 1981. Ezra Pound and His World. Times Literary Supplement (28 August): 989.

Essick, Robert, N. and Joseph Viscomi. 1993. Introduction to William Blake: Milton, A Poem. The William Blake Trust/The Tate Gallery: London, 9-41.

Ewart, Gavin. 1979.Peter Ackroyd: Dressing Up. Transvestism and Drag: the History of an Obsession, Times Literary Supplement (7 December): 96.

Ficino, Marsilio. 1959 (1576). Opera Marsilii Ficini fiorentini insignis philosophi platonici nedici atque theologi clarissimi opera omnia et quae hactenus extitere. Basel.

Finney, Brian. 1992 Peter Ackroyd: Postmodernist Play and Chatterton, Twentieth Century Literature  38. 2 (Summer): 240-61.

Fiorato, Sidia. 2003. Il Gioco con l'ombra. Ambiguità e metanarrazioni nella scrittura di Peter Ackroyd. Verona. Edizioni Fiorini

Ganteau, Jean-Michel, 2000. Post-Baroque Sublime? The Case of Peter Ackroyd, Miscelánea. A Journal of English and American Studies 22: 21-44.

 2003. London: The Biography, or, Peter Ackroyd's Sublime Geographies, in Susana Onega and John A Stotesbury (eds), London in Literature: Visionary Mappings of the Metropolis. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, pp. 211-31.

 2003. Fantastic, but Truthful: The Ethics of Romance, The Cambridge Quarterly 32.3: 225-38.

 2004. Undulatory Metamorphoses: Peter Ackroyd's Albion, an Internal Definition of Englishness, in Jürgen Schlaeger (ed.), Metamorphosis, Structures of Cultural Transformations. REAL 20: 263-72.

Unremaindering Gothic Romance: Peter Ackroyd's Logic of Affect. Les vestiges du gothique : le role du reste / The Remains of the Gothic: Persistance as Resistance. Anglophonia 15: 243-53.

2005. Rise from the Ground like Feathered Mercury: Baroque Citations in the Fiction of Peter Ackroyd and Jeanette Winterson, Symbolism. An International Annual of Critical Aesthetics 5: 193-21.

 2008. Peter Ackroyd et la musique du passÉ. Michel Houdiard Éditeur: Paris.

Gibson, Jeremy and Julian Wolfreys. 2000. Peter Ackroyd: The Ludic and Labyrinthine Text. Houndsmills: Macmillan.

Gill, Stephen. 1990. The Key to a Continent, Times Literary Supplement (August, 31  September, 6): 911-12.

Glazebrook, Phillip. 1989. Watching What Makes Us Tick,Spectator (22 April): 27-8.

González Ábalos, Susana. 1996. The Metafictional Element in Chatterton, unpubl. M.A. Dissertation. University of Zaragoza.

Grove, Valerie. 1996. How I Lost my Fear of Dying, The Times (23 August): 19.

Haffenden, John. 1996. What the Life Leaves Out, Times Literary Supplement, 23 (February 1996): 14-15.

Herman, Luc. 1990. The Relevance of History: Der Zauberbaum (1985) by Peter Sloterdijk and Hawksmoor (1985) by Peter Ackroyd,in Theo D'haen and Hans Bertens (eds.), History and Post-War Writing, Postmodern Studies 3. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 107-24.

Herman, Luc and Susana Onega. 2001. Peter Ackroyd. A Lexicon of Contemporary Authors (Post-war Literatures in English Series, no.51. Martinus Nijhoff Uitgevers.: Groningen.

Hollinghurst, Alan. 1985. In Hieroglyph and Shadow, Times Literary Supplement (27 September): 1049.

Hotho-Jackson, Sabine. 1992. Literary History in Literature: An Aspect of the Contemporary Novel, Modern Sprak, LXXXVI.2: 113-19.

Irwin, Robert. 1991.Introduction to The Golem, by Gustav Meyrink. Sawty, Cambs, and New York: Dedalus/Hippocrene.

Johnson, Fiona. 2004. Murder by Carving Knife, (8 August). Accessed on 22/12/06 at < 08/08/ boack208.xml&sSheet=/arts/2004/08/08/bomain.html>

Johnson, Glen M. 1995.Peter Ackroyd. Twentieth-century British Literary Biographiers, in Etephen Serafin (ed.), Dictionary of Literary Biography 155. Detroit, Washington D.C. and London: Gale, pp. 3-12.

Kaplan, Fred. 1990. Life is Long and Full of Surprises, Independent on Sunday (2 September), 22.

Kaveney, Roz. 1994. Sinclair, Ackroyd and the London Novel, New Statesman and Society  (9 September): 39.

Keating, Peter. 1994. Here We Are Again!, Times Literary Supplement (9 September): 21.

Keen, Suzane. 2000. Peter Ackroyd and Catholic England: At Present, living in the Past, Commonweal (3 March). Accessed on 08/11/2008 at:

 2001. Romances of the Archive in Contemporary British Fiction. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Kehe, Marjory. 2006. When Shakespeare looms too large, The Christian Science Monitor (1 August). Accessed on 22/12/0606 at < 0801/p14s01-bogn.html>

Kemp, John. 1993. Prodigiously Clever, Of Course, Literary Review (May): 36-8.

Kincaid, James R. 1990. The Sun of his Oddities, New York Book Review  (13 January 1990): 1, 24.

King, Francis, 1993. The Older the Better, Spectator (11 September), 27.

Klinkenborg, Verlyn, 1992. Peter Ackroyd's Music, New Yorker (23 November), 142-44.

Kirstein, Lincoln. 1981. Ezra Pound and His World, New York Review of Books, 28 (30 April): 3, 6.

Korn, Eric. 1993. Evil in EC1, Times Literary Supplement (10 September): 20.

Lanone, Catherine, 1997. Crypte intertextuelles: jeux d'Écriture dans Chatterton de Peter Ackroyd, Études britanniques contemporaines 12 (December): 17-30.

Letissier, Georges. 2001. The  Last Testament of Oscar Wilde : autofiction et/ou ultime repli du biographique?, Études britanniques contemporaines 21 (December): 57-69.

2003. Biographie d'une ville, temporalities d'un uvre, Londres selon Ackroyd, in Ronanld Shusterman (ed.), Des histories du temps. Pessac: PU de Bordeaux, pp. 303-22.

Levenson, Michael. 1993. Tradition and the National Talent, New Republic (18 January): 29-32.

Levi, Peter. 1996. Is this the region, this the soil, the clime? Spectator (7 September) 34.

Levy, Paul. 1979. Borrowed Bras, Observer (16 December): 39.

Lewis, Barry, 2007, My Words Echo Thus: Possessing the Past in Peter Ackroyd. Columbia, South Carolina: South Carolina Press.

Lewis, Peter. 1989. The Truth and Nothing Like the Truth: History and Fiction, Stand Magazine. 27. 2: 38-44.

Liebregts, P. Th. M. G. 1993. Centaurs in the Twilight. W. B. Yeats's Use of the Classical Tradition. Costerus New Series 88. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi.

Lindop, Grevel.1989.The Empty Telephone Boys, P. N. Review. 15.6: 43-46.

Lodge, David. 1976. Mine, Of Course, New Statesman (19 March):  364-s5.

?? 1988. The Marvellous Boy, New York Review of Books, 35.6 (14 April): 15-16.

Lurie, Alison. 1992. Hanging Out with Hogarth, New York Times Book Review (11 October):  7.

?? Hanging Out with Hogarth, New York Times Book Review (11 October): 7.

MacCulloch, Diarmaid. 1988. Maybe It's Because He Was a Londoner. The Life of Thomas More, Literary Review (March): 4-5.

Machen, Arthur. 1902. Hieroglyphics. London: Grant Richards.

Marcus, Stephen. 1995. Dickens on an Epic Scale, Newsday (10 February): 25.

Martin, Valerie. 1995. A Victorian Nightmare, New York Times Book Review (16 April): 7.

Martínez, María JesÚs. 1999. Postmodernism and the Ontological Dominant: The Politics of Integration in Peter Ackroyd's The House of Doctor Dee, Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses, 12 (November): 105-16.

McGrath, Patrick. 1988/89.Peter Ackroyd, Bomb, 26 (Winter): 44-47.

Miller, Karl. 1996. What if Milton had sailed away to become a stranger in paradise?, The Observer Review (September 1): 16.

Miller, Nolan. 1990. Chatterton, Antioch Review, 46.2: 267-8.

Monnickendam, Andrew. 1990. Peter Ackroyd: Chatterton, Anuari d'anglès, XI-XII : 107.

Montaut, Mary. 1984. The Last Testament of Oscar Wilde, Irish University Review, 14.1: 136-39.

More, Thomas. 1971 (1516). Utopia. Paul Turner (trans.), Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Morrison, Blake, 1980. The Movement. English Poetry and Fiction in the 1950?s. London: Oxford University Press.

Neagu, Adriana and Sean Mathews. 2006. Peter Ackroyd. Accessed on 22/12/06 at: <>

Neve, Michael. 1989. The Living Dead, History Today. 38 (January 1988): 53-54.

Nolan, tom. 2006. A new Shakespeare play, or is it?, San Francisco Chronicle (9 July). Accessed on 22/12/06 at < 2006/07/09/RVGOHJLRCV1.DTL>

Novak, Maximilian E. 1965 (1963). Defoe and the Nature of Man. London, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

O'Mahony, John. 2004. London Calling, The Guardian (July 3). Accessed on 22/12/06 at <,12084,1252137,00.html# article_continue>

O'Regan, Gerard. 1994. Ackroyd Keeps the Veil Drawn, Irish Independent (3 September): 8-9.

Oates, Joyce Carol. 1996. The King of the Weird, New York Review (October): 46.

Onega, Susana. 1995. Palimpsestos transcendentes: las metaficciones historiográficas de Peter Ackroyd. La Página XVI, 2: 43-57.

?? 1998. Peter Ackroyd. The Writer and His Work. Writers and Their Work Series. Northcote House Publishers and the British Council: Plymouth.

?? 1999. Metafiction and Myth in The Novels of Peter Ackroyd. European Studies in the Humanities. Camden House: Columbia.

?? 1999 Postmodernist Re-writings of the Puritan Commonwealth: Winterson, Mukherjee, Ackroyd. Intercultural Encounters. Studies in English Literatures (Essays Presented to Rüdiger Ahrens on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday). Heinz Antor and Kevin L. Cope, eds., Universitätsverlag Carl Winter: Heidelberg, pp. 439-466.

?? 2002. The Visionary Element in the London Novel: The Case of Iain Sinclair and Peter Ackroyd. Symbolism. An International Journal of Critical Aesthetics 2: 251-282.

?? 2002 The Plato Paper: Peter Ackroyd's Contrary to Blake's Jerusalem. London in Literature: Visionary Mappings of the Metropolis. Anglistische Forschungen Series. Susana Onega and John Stotesbury, eds. , Universitätsverlag Carl Winter: Heidelberg, pp. 183-209.

?? 2002. The Descent to the Underworld and the Transition from Ego to Eidos in the Novels of Peter Ackroyd. Generic and Ontological Boundaries in Literature and Film. Anglistische Forschungen Series. Ramón Plo AlastruÉ and Mª JesÚs Martínez Alfaro, eds., Universitätsverlag Carl Winter: Heidelberg, pp.157-174.

?? 2002. Peter Ackroyd. Postmodernism: The Key Figures. Hans Bertens and Joseph Natoli, eds., Blackwell: Malden, Mass. and Oxford, pp. 1-6.

Peck, John.1994.The Novels of Peter Ackroyd, English Studies, 75.5: 442-52.

Pritchard, William. 1989. London Forms: First Light, By Peter Ackroyd, New Republic (4 September): 39.

Prunès-Cartier, Sophie. 2005. La representation de Londres chez Peter Ackroyd : l'origine comme parcours des possible, Études britanniques contemporaines 28 (June): 21-32.

 2005. Peter Ackroyd's Representation of the Past: London as a Site of Memory, Études britanniques contemporaines 29 (December): 123?32.

RabatÉ, Jean-Michel. 1988. À la recherche de Chatterton, Quinzaine littÉraire, 517?18.

Rawson, Claude. 1989. Peter Ackroyd. First Light, Times Literary Supplement  (28 April  4 May): 453.

Ray, Kevin. 1992. Introducing Mr. Dickens, St Louis Post Dispatch (26 July): 5C.

Reverand II, Cedrid D. 1987 Review of Peter Ackroyd's Hawksmoor, Eighteenth Century Life, 11.2: 102-09.

Ricks, Christopher. 1984. The Braver Thing, London Review of Books (November 1984): 3-5.

Robson, David. 2004 Shakespeare in the family, (8 Agosto). Accessed on 22/12/06 at < 2004/08/08/boack08.xml&sSheet=/arts/2004/08/08/bomain.html>

Sampson, John (ed.). 1956 (1790). The Poetical Works of William Blake. London, New York and Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Sapet, Kerrily, 2006. The Lambs of London by Peter Ackroyd. Accessed on 22/12/06 at <>

Sanders, Andrew. 1988. Review of Dickens' London: An Imaginative Vision, Dickensian, 84.415: 110-12.

Sexton, David. 1994. Thereby Hangs a Tale, Spectator (10 September): 33.

Sinclair, Iain. 1975. Lud Heat. A Book of the Dead Hamlets. London: Albion Village Press.

Shippey, T. A. From the National Pool,  Times Literary Supplement (22 May): 29.

Shippey, Tom. 1996. Star-Gazing, Stonehenge: Neolithic Man and the Cosmos, by John North, The London Review of Books. (12 December): 19.

Stanford, Peter. 1998. Church of Past Times, Independent on Sunday (1 March): 26-7.

Sutherland, John. 1990. A Terrible Bad Cold, London Review of Books, 12.18 (27 September): 17-18.

Sinclair, Iain. 1975. Lud Heat. A Book of the Dead Hamlets. London: Albion Village Press.

?? 1994. The Cadaver Club, London Review of Books (22 December): 20-22.

Sutherland, John. 1990. A Terrible Bad Cold, London Review of Books, 12.18 (27 September): 17-18.

Talese, Nan A. 1995. A Death in London: But Was It Murder?, Newsday (2 May): B02.

Taylor, D. J. 1993. After the War. The Novel and England Since 1945. London: Chatto and Windus.

Thomas, Keith. 1998. Utopia and Beyond, The Guardian (12 March): 14.

Unsworth, Barry. 2006. Digging for Victory. Review of The Fall of Troy, The Guardian (21 October). Accessed on 22/12/06 at < reviews/generalfiction/0,,1927462,00.html>

Updike, John. 1985. Eliot Without Words, The New Yorker (25 March): 120-30.

Walsh, John. 1992. Confessions of a Monipolyloguist, Sunday Times. Section 6 (17 May), 4-5.

Wood, Michael. 1989. Looking Away, London Review of Books, II.10 (18 May): 19.

Worton, Michael and Juliet Still. 1990. Introduction to Intertextuality: Theories and Practices. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.

Wolff, Camila (comp.) 1995. Who Was Jack the Ripper? A Collection of Present-Day Theories and Observations. London: Greyhound Books.

Yates, Frances A. 1977 (1964). Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul / Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.